Are there benefits to Windows over Linux?

I’m not saying they exist, just that if they do, I want to know about them.

leeskine:

But an in-depth, semi-neutral view of the pros and cons of each from the Linux side would be interesting. They say controversy is a matter of public disagreement, and I personally publicly disagree pretty much with any pros of such a proprietary, paid system. The bottom line would then be: why?

I’ve considered writing a post on precisely why Linux is superior to Windows, and even went so far as making a draft of one a few months ago. But apparently I deleted it. I remember it was pretty rambly and drew a lot from ESR’s paper “Cathedral and the Bazaar,” which I was reading at the time. I was trying to figure out if there were ways to fix the broken system of corporate software development–and I do have kind of an idea about that still which I might do a post on later–but then I realized that basically startups are a good answer to that question and I don’t strictly need to figure out how to fix corporate structure in order not to suffer from it professionally. But anyway.

The reasons *nixes are better are kind of everywhere. I could rattle off a bunch of them, but where would that leave us? It’d leave us in the place that every post of its kind that already exists on the Internet currently habitates, and that is: long arguments from Windows users about the failings of Linux, and heated rebuttals by hardened Unixites trying to defend their favorite system. That’s usually where it ends.

If you want to see that, here’s a good one.

And we all know how much programmers like duplicate work.

(for the non-techies: they don’t.)

(unless they’re being paid per line of code, of course.)

So let’s start there and evaluate whether the Windows-user concerns are valid, and if they are, how far does their validity stretch?

The main benefit I can see to using Windows is its compatibility. That is to say: a lot of things are written for Windows and nothing else. It’s not that MS puts special effort into making things compatible on their side (although I’m inclined to point out that they like encouraging software and hardware not to be compatible with other things), but that Windows is the default operating system. While this doesn’t say anything great about the structure of the system itself, empirically it can be more convenient to run Windows if most of what you do is game, surf the Web, and run software that your Windows-using school or company also runs.

Windows is known as the OS you use if you’re a gamer. However, I’d point out that the overhead incurred by the operating system itself is actually not conducive to gaming.

Let’s say you have this game you want to play. It has three versions: it’s been written for Windows, Mac OS X, and Steam OS (Linux). Say you buy all three because you have all three platforms available in your house. Your Windows computer has about 8GB of RAM and your Mac and Steam computers have 4GB apiece.

That game will probably have about the same performance on each of them (at least, in my experience, although I don’t know much about Steam OS so it might be even better).

So, why use Windows for gaming? Because Windows is the typical platform games are built and marketed upon. In other words, because Windows dominates the market. Not because it’s technically superior.

Of course, our readers may have other views on that point, and I’d love to hear them (stay civil in the comments, guys). And there is a certain convenience to using something which basically means that a given program you run into is probably written for your platform. I won’t deny that.

I’m not really going to get into Mac stuff here even though it’s my OS (although someone else chose it for me–not to say I don’t approve or anything, I love my MacBook, but I won’t claim its status as some kind of ultimate option). I consider Mac stuff to be a more expensive version of Linux. Since I wasn’t the one who bought my laptop, and I tend not to buy proprietary software for myself except for a few things which have earned special exceptions, the expense part didn’t come into it for me. So, in effect, my computer runs on a *nix and I’m happy with it for what I need it to do. No, it’s not all open and I’m kinda meh about that, but it’s fine for now. (My next computer will be Debian on PC hardware, though.)

I won’t deny that there are closed-source programs written for Windows that are better than their open-source alternatives, at least under certain circumstances. For instance, I find it hard to use LibreOffice Writer because of how it handles kerning on the Mac. This isn’t a great example because it’s a special case–Writer works great under Debian and is a valid replacement for Word there–but yeah, stuff like this can happen. (And I’d point out that, had I the time and inclination, I could fix the kerning issue myself–whereas I can’t fix Microsoft Word’s bloat.) Overall, though, I think open-source is the best way to write software, and if a piece of software is given sufficient attention by open-source because enough people need it, it’s inevitable that it’ll be better quality than that produced by dispassionate Microsoft code monkeys who have no real way of knowing what their users want. (No offense, guys–it’s not your fault. There may be some great hackers working for MS as a day job, although it probably wasn’t their first choice.)

Even if you don’t want to have to fix software yourself, open-source stuff is superior because someone else will fix it a lot faster than Microsoft would. Similarly, things like security leaks and so on get patched up a lot faster under open source.

And of course, it’s often free of charge as well, although not necessarily–and if you have any money to spare, you’re strongly encouraged to leave the programmers a tip on Gittip or similar services.

I really like Linux’s software repositories and package managers. I like not downloading random stuff off the Internet and wondering if it’s coming bundled with crapware. I like being able to remove an entire program from my computer with the command line, instead of the nonsense I went through the last time I cleaned out one of my parents’ Windows computers, and ended up digging through all the weird folders in C: looking for orphaned files from programs not used in years. One of those computers now mainly runs Xubuntu, and my dad–my dad, not a tech-savvy college student–is a lot happier with it.

On Mac, I like Homebrew, the package manager that really should’ve come already on the system. It’s awesome. I wish it was more widely used.

Windows is catching up in this area: Windows 10 will include a package manager as part of PowerShell. (Note that they weren’t the ones who wrote it… they’re just including it.) I’m not sure how widely it’ll be used, though. Windows home users don’t really like the command line–if they did, they’d save their money and become Linux users. It probably won’t be widely used, because so many people are scared of the command line. I imagine this addition will make plenty of corporate sysadmins’ lives easier, though.

Maybe some Windows users could pipe up with their command-line experiences. For one, I don’t think you can natively run proper shell scripts under Windows? You have to either install another shell (like Cygwin or UWIN), or you use batch files. I’ve never written or even seen a batch file; are they as good as shell scripts? Do they provide you with a similar level of freedom to make your computer do what you want?

The closest to programming I’ve done on a Windows machine outside of Microsoft Visual Studio was writing HTML/CSS, and that’s pretty far removed from the OS itself. Browsers are basically browsers regardless of platform. I do remember my C# teacher trying to write a simple command-line Windows program in Notepad++ and run it from the command line, and my (otherwise knowledgeable and competent) teacher couldn’t get it working despite asking other people for help and trying over several days. To me, that’s a big reason to use a *nix.

I’ve done enough talking. Tell me your views!

Addition: I found a thoughtful discussion on this topic over at Quora. Here’s the link.

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5 thoughts on “Are there benefits to Windows over Linux?

  1. I’ve been using Linux as my daily driver for over a year now and even though I had dual boot option for windows I rarely used to open it.

    Two weeks back I shifted to windows to work on my android projects and you know I realized it didn’t matter much. If you’re using an IDE and don’t have to use the terminal for your projects then it doesnt matter. The only thing I missed was that there was no native option to ssh into my server and cygwin is basically crap and I couldn’t do any pentesting for it and that was a pretty big thing.

    Other then that I didn’t even care what OS I was using.

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  2. Great stuff! I once had to do some bat scripting on Windoze, and yeah, it’s possible to run perl scripts from the command line. That would then be pretty much all you can do with it, if you don’t want things overly complicated.

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  3. Depending on the field you are working, you’ll need Windows, not because it’s more efficient or faster, but because some specific softwares are made for them only. Things like AutoCAD and MS Office are widely used and even though there are OSX (not for Linux) version for both of them, those ones are pretty crap (at least it’s my experience so far). But even a Windows user may struggle using these softwares if their versions are other than the one that some file they’re editing were created with.

    I have friends that are trainees in software companies and many of them are programming in a .NET framework with C# – not a problem if you know Java. I have a few others that get incredible results with Microsoft Excel. Since I’m not one of them, I can’t tell you for sure if using Libre Office (*nix) or Numbers (OSX) would lead to the same results, but I’d guess not, since their starting point is an Excel spreadsheet. But not all of them are programmers, maybe a programmer would get it done with some Python or R script faster haha…

    For those who work (or even entertain themselves) with music production, the main DAWs (Digital Audio Workstation) I can think of are for Windows or Mac: Pro Tools, Ableton. For those who work with Graphics, I know both Adobe Photoshop and Illustrator are for Windows and Mac only. And the same thing happens to games, as you mentioned.

    Having said all that, I just have to agree with you:

    “The main benefit I can see to using Windows is its compatibility. That is to say: a lot of things are written for Windows and nothing else.”

    It’s like that companies boycott Linux, but I’d say that’s because a typical Linux user uses open source and free software and wouldn’t normally buy a proprietary software and because of that these big companies don’t want to have the trouble to make something that only few people are gonna buy. But I’m just guessing, I wanna know what more people are gonna say 🙂

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    • Well, if there’s an open-source alternative that’s functional, the Linux users will use that and it won’t be a problem. If an open-source alternative doesn’t exist, then companies should be developing one. Linux devs are their own users, so basically if they need something they build it–the question is whether each niche is big enough in the Linux community to produce some good open software.

      As far as audio stuff… I’m pretty sure there are open alternatives for that. I know Audacity exists and works well, but it’s not the most functional. I’m not sure what else is out there, though.

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